نویسندگان

1 دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشجوی دکتری رشته علوم اقتصادی دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

در پژوهش حاضر تأثیر کیفیت تحقیقات دانشگاهی بر رشد اقتصادی سرانه با استفاده از روش گشتاورهای تعمیم­یافته برای کشورهای منتخب منا طی سالهای 2004 تا 2012 بررسی شد. بدین منظور، از تعداد مقالات ارجاع داده­ شده به­عنوان شاخص سنجش کیفیت تحقیقات دانشگاهی به همراه متغیرهای رشد بهره­وری کل عوامل تولید و نسبت صادرات کالا و خدمات به تولید ناخالص داخلی استفاده شد. نتایج برآورد نشان­دهنده تأثیر مثبت و معنادار کیفیت تحقیقات دانشگاهی بر تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه و بیانگر نقش آموزش دانشگاهی در رشد اقتصادی سرانه کشورهای منتخب بود. به­علاوه، تأثیر تولید ناخالص داخلی و رشد بهره­وری کل عوامل تولید بر تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه معنادار و مثبت ارزیابی شد. با توجه به نتایج کلی مدل برآوردی، سرمایه­گذاری در ارتقای کیفیت تحصیلات و تحقیقات دانشگاهی و آموزش نیروی کار جوان برای تداوم رشد اقتصادی حیاتی است و افزایش بهره­وری کل و استراتژی توسعه مبتنی بر تشویق صادرات باید در سیاستگذاریهای کلان اقتصادی گنجانده شود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

An investigation of the effects of the academic research quality on economic growth: evidence from MENA countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hassan Heidari 1
  • Hadi Rezai 2

1 Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University

2 Doctoral student in Economic, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University

چکیده [English]

The present study investigated the effect of the quality of the academic research on the economic growth per capita (GDP/p,c.) using Generalized Method of Moments over 2004-12 for MENA countries. For this purpose, the number of cited articles were used as a proxy of evaluating academic education and research quality along with variables such as Growth of Total Factor Productivity (GTFP) and export of goods and services over Gross Domestic Product (Exp/gdp). The results of estimation indicated a positive and significant effect of the quality of the academic research on GDP/p,c. which highlights the role of the academic education and research in the economic growth per capita in MENA countries. Moreover, the effect of Exp/gdp and GTFP on GDP/p,c. was evaluated significant and positive. With respect to total results of estimation, investment in the enhancement of the quality of the academic education and research, and training young workforce are vital for the sustainable economic growth. Additionally, total productivity growth and the export-based development strategies should be included in the macroeconomic policies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of university research
  • economic growth
  • Total Productivity Production Factors
  • GMM
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