نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رشته روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر افت تحصیلی دانشجویان ارجاع شده به کمیسیون موارد خاص دانشگاه بیرجند انجام شد. پژوهش با روش کیفی و رویکرد پدیدارشناسی صورت گرفت. جامعه‌ آماری کلیه‌ دانشجویان دارای افت تحصیلی ارجاع شده به کمیسیون موارد خاص در بازه زمانی 1394 تا 1396 بودند. اطلاعات با روش نمونه‌گیری داوطلبانه و با استفاده از ابزار پژوهش و به روش مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته جمع‌آوری شدند. مصاحبه‌ها تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری ادامه یافت و درمجموع، با 41 نفر از دانشجویان دارای افت تحصیلی مصاحبه شد. بر مبنای یافته‌ها، مهم‌ترین عوامل مؤثر بر مشروطی از دیدگاه دانشجویان به ترتیب سه دسته‌ کلی عوامل فردی، عوامل سازمانی یا دانشگاهی و عوامل خانوادگی هستند. همچنین در میان عوامل فردی ناتوانی در مدیریت عاطفه، مدیریت نکردن زمان و نبود شناخت و آگاهی بیشترین فراوانی و اهمیت را داشتند. در میان عوامل سازمانی یا دانشگاهی نظارت و ارزشیابی نامناسب استادان، ناتوانی در برقراری ارتباط استادان و قوانین نامناسب آموزشی بیشترین فراوانی و اهمیت را داشتند. در میان عوامل خانوادگی وضعیت اجتماعی نامناسب و وضعیت اقتصادی نامناسب بیشترین فراوانی و اهمیت را داشتند. با توجه به نتایج پژوهش، تم‌های ناتوانی در مدیریت عاطفه، مدیریت نکردن زمان و نظارت و ارزشیابی نامناسب استادان بیشترین فراوانی و اهمیت را دارند. برای کاهش افت تحصیلی لازم است دانشجویان از مدیریت عاطفه و مدیریت زمان و همچنین استادان از شیوه‌های نظارت و ارزشیابی مناسب برخوردار باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting Academic Failure of the Students Referred to the Commission of Special Cases at The University of Birjand

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masomeh Talebifar 1
  • Ahmad Khamesan 2
  • Mohsen Khorshidzadeh 3
  • Leila Talebzade Shoshtari3 3

1 M.A. in Educational Psychology, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting the academic dropout of students referred to the Birjand University of Commerce Affairs Commission. The research was done with a qualitative method and a phenomenological approach. The statistical population of the study was all academic dropout students referred to the special commission for the period 1394 to 1396. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview using voluntary sampling and using research tools. Interviews continued to reach theoretical saturation, and in total, 41 students with academic failure were interviewed. Based on the findings, the most important factors influencing the conditional from the viewpoint of the students are three general categories of "individual factors," "organizational or academic factors," and "family factors," respectively. Also, among the individual factors, "disability in the management of emotion," "lack of time management," and "lack of awareness and awareness" were the most frequent and important. Among the organizational or academic factors, "inappropriate supervision and evaluation of professors," "inability to communicate professors," and "inappropriate educational rules" were the most frequent and essential. Among the family factors, "inappropriate social status" and "inappropriate economic situation" were the most frequent and essential. According to the results of the research, the themes of "disability in the management of emotion," "lack of time management," "inappropriate monitoring and evaluation of professors" are the most frequent and essential. To reduce academic failure, students need to have "emotional management, time management" as well as faculty members with "appropriate monitoring and evaluation practices."

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Failure
  • Dropout
  • Commission of Special Cases
  • Student
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