نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه کاشان

2 دکتری بررسی مسائل اجتماعی ایران، دانشگاه کاشان

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش تبیین رابطه جامعه­ پذیری علمی و شکل ­گیری هویت دانشجویی دانشجویان بود. این تحقیق از نوع پیمایش اجتماعی بود و از روش پرسشنامه توأم با مصاحبه و روش اسنادی برای جمع ­آوری داده­ های تحقیق استفاده شد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی دانشگاه ­های دولتی استان اصفهان در سال 1396 بود که تعداد 320 نفر به ­عنوان حجم نمونه بررسی شدند. پایایی متغیرهای تحقیق با استفاده از ضرایب پایایی ترکیبی و آلفای کرونباخ بررسی و تأیید شد. یافته­ های تحقیق بیانگر رابطه معنادار و مثبت هر یک از متغیرهای جامعه ­پذیری دانشگاهی، عضویت در اجتماعات علمی، تعامل با دوستان و جوّ مشارکتی دانشکده به ­ترتیب برابر با (570/0، 233/0، 175/0، 635/0=r) با میزان هویت دانشجویی دانشجویان بود. همچنین در ارزیابی مدل ساختاری با استفاده از نرم­ افزار PLS، حجم اثر متغیر جامعه ­پذیری دانشگاهی (143/0=F2 ) در حد متوسط و سایر متغیرها در حد کم بود. مقدار Q2  برابر با 405/0 نشان می ­دهد که درمجموع، توان پیش­بینی کنندگی مدل در حد زیاد است. با توجه به یافته ­ها، اگرچه مؤلفه ­های جامعه­ پذیری علمی در حد بالایی توانسته ­اند هویت دانشجویی دانشجویان در جامعه آماری را تبیین کنند، اما چالش اساسی در خصوص هویت دانشجویی دانشجویان در توجه صرف به عوامل درون دانشگاهی و توجه ناکافی به عوامل برون دانشگاهی در این ارتباط شناسایی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the relation between scientific sociability and formation of university student identity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Niazi 1
  • Elham Shafaii Moghaddam 2

1 . Associate professor, Sociology Department, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran.

2 Doctoral in social issues of Iran, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to explain the relation between scientific sociability and formation of university student' identity. This research was a social survey. Questionnaire combined with interviews, and documentary method were used to collect research data. The statistical population included all graduate students of public universities in Isfahan province in 1396. A total of 320 individuals were selected as sample size. The reliability of the research variables was examined and confirmed using composite reliability coefficients and Cronbach's alpha. The research findings indicated a significant and positive relationship between each of the variables of academic sociability, membership in scientific communities, interaction with friends and the participatory atmosphere of the college, respectively (r= 0.635, 175, .233, .570)  with student's identity. Also, in evaluating the structural model using PLS software, the volume of the effect of academic sociability (F2= 0.143) was in moderate level and other variables were low. A value of Q2 equal to 0.405 indicates that, in general, the predictive power of the model is high. According to the findings, although the components of scientific acceptability have been able to explain the student's identity in the statistical population to a large extent, but the main challenge regarding  student's identity has been identified in just focusing on internal university factors alone and insufficient attention to external academic factors in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Student identity
  • Academic sociability
  • Cooperative atmosphere of college
  • Scientific communities and relationships
1. Hemmati, R., Kianpour, M., & Aslani, Sh. (2014). Typology of academic identity and its relationship with in-university identification resources. Culture in Islamic University, 4(4), 559- 586 (in Persian).
2. Austin, A.E. (1990). Faculty cultures, faculty values. New Directions for Institutional Research, 68, 61-74.
3. Bagheri Heydari, F. (2015). Investigating the factors affecting academic identity among students; a case study of universities (Payam Noor, Azad and Nonprofit). Culture in Islamic University, 5(4), 587-600 (in Persian).
4. Banjar, A., Moslehi Jenabian, N., Beigi Malekabadi, B., & Mohammadi, M. (2015). Investigating the relationship of scientific communication with academic self-efficacy. Social Development Quarterly, 10(2), 79-100 (in Persian).
5. Baqaei Sarabi, A., & Esmaili, M.J. (2009). Social factors affecting academic identity of students of Islamic Azad University. Social Science Research Letter, 10(4), 175- 203 (in Persian).
6. Becher, T. (1994). The significance of disciplinary differences. Studies in Higher Education, 19 (2), 151-161.
7. Carlone, H.B., & Johnson, A. (2007). Understanding the science experiences of successful women of color: Science identity as an analytic lens. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 44(8).
8. Clegg, S. (2005). Academic identities under threat? British Educational Research Journal, 34(3), 329-345.
9. Cohen, B.J. (1991). Introduccion a la sociologia, bogota. Editorial mcgraw hill.
10. Collins, R. (2000). The sociology of philosophies. the Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
11. Dehing, A.J.M., Jochems, W.M.G., & Baartman, L.K.G. (2014). The development of engineering student's professional identity during workplace learning in industry: A study in Dutch bachelor education. Engineering Education, 8, 42-64.
12. Durkheim, E. (1989). Social work division. Hassan Habibi, Ghalam Publications (in Persian).
13. Fairfield-Artman, P. (2010). Narratives of female ROTC student-cadets the postmodern university. A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the graduate school at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
14. Hemmati, R., & Aslani, Sh. (2015). Factors influencing students' academic identity with emphasis on the role of internet. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 2(3), 121-139 (in Persian).
15. Henkel, M. (2005). Academic identity and autonomy in a changing policy environment, Higher Education, 49(1-2), 155-176.
16. Heydari, H., & Rezaei, A. (2012). Sociological analysis of students' professional identity; case study: Students of Mazandaran University. Journal of Cultural Research, 5(2), 1-29 (in Persian).
17. Hurtado, S., Milem, J., Clayton-Pedersen, A., & Allen, W. (1999). Enacting diverse learning environments: Improving the climate for racial/ethnic diversity in higher education. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, 26(8), Washington, DC: The GeorgeWashington University, Graduate School of Education and Human Development.
18. Iranian Students’ News Agency (Isna). (2018). Iranian universities according to statistics (in Persian).
19. Karanauskien, D. & Kardelis, K. (2005). The relationship between students’ academic identity and the academic achievements. Social Sciences/Social Inial Mokslai,1(47), 60-70.
20. Khoubyari, F. (2014). Study of social factors related to student identity among Yazd University students. (MSc Thesis). Department of Social Sciences, Yazd University (in Persian).
21. Kogan, M. (2000). Higher education communities and academic identity. Higher Education Quarterly, 54(3), 207-216.
22. Kuh, G.D., & Whitt, E.J. (1988). The invisible tapestry: Culture in American colleges and universities. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, No.1, Washington, DC: Association for the Study of Higher Education.
23. Luzzo, D.A., Funk, D.P., & Strang, J. (1996). Attributional retraining increases career decision making self-efficacy. The Career Development Quarterly, 44.
24. Mahram, B., Sakeni, P., Masoudi, A., & Mehr Mohammadi, M. (2006). The role of hidden curriculum components in students' academic identity. Curriculum Studies Quarterly, 1(3) (in Persian).
25. Manis, J., & Meltzer, B. (1968). Symbolic interaction: A reader in social psychology. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
26. Marjaei, S.H. (2012). Investigating the status of science ethics in public universities affiliated to the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Iran. Final Research Report, Tehran: Department of Comparative Studies and Innovation in Higher Education, Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education (in Persian).
27. Marjaei, S.H. (2011). Factors influencing internalization of academic and professional norms in Iranian scientific community, case study of PhD students. University of Tehran, (PhD Thesis). University of Tehran (in Persian).
28. Marjaei, S.H. (2017). Academic Socialization; Approaches and Processes. Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Studies (in Persian).
29. Mohseni Tabrizi, A.R. (2001). Social pathology of youth; evaluation of value isolation and cultural participation in student universities - public universities. Research Project Report, Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education (in Persian).
30. Reinharz, S. (1979). On becoming a social scientist. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
31. Scott, P. (1995). The meaning of mass gigher education. SRHE, Open University Press, Bukingham.
32. Sherlock, B., & Morris, R. (1967). The evolution of the professional: A paradigm. Sociological Inquiry, 37(1), 27-46.
33. Stein, E.L., & Weidman, J.C. (1989). Socialization in graduate school: A conceptual framework. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education, Atlanta, GA.
34. Stein, E.L., & Weidman, J.C. (1990). The socialization of doctoral students to academic norms. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston, MA.
35. Thornton, R., & Nardi, P.M. (1975). The dynamics of role acquisition. American Journal of Sociology, 80(4), 870-885.
36. Tierney, W.G., & Rhoads, R.A. (1994). Faculty socialization as cultural process: A mirror of institutional commitment. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, No. 93-6, Washington, DC: The George Washington University, School of Education and Human Development.
37. Tinto, V. (1993). Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
38. Valima, J. (1998). Culture and identity in higher education research. Higher Education, 36(2), 119-138
39. Waterman, A.S. (1999). Identity, the identity statuses, and identity status development: A contemporary statement. Developmental Review, 19.
40. Weidman, J.C., Twale, D.J., & Stein, E.L. (2001). Socialization of graduate and professional student in higher education. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, 28(3), Jossey-bass Wiley Company San Francisco.
41. White, J.W., & Lowenthal, P.R. (2011). Academic discourse and the formation of an Academic Identity: Minority college students and the Hidden curriculum. Review of Higher Education, 34(2), 1-47.
42. Ylijoki, O.H. & Ursin, J. (2013). The construction of academic identity in the changes of finish higher education. Students in Higher Education, 38(8), 1135-1149.
43. Yousefi Aghdam, R. (2015). Temporary issue and development of professional identity of PhD students in Iran. Quarterly Journal of Science and Technology Policy, 17(2), 65-101(in Persian).