واکاوی تجربه های زیسته در ارتقای سواد سلامت الکترونیکی دانشجویان علوم پزشکی: مدل مفهومی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکتری، گروه مدیریت آموزش عالی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

2 دانشیار، دانشکده آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی

3 دانشیار، گروه آموزشی مدیریت توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی

4 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت آموزش عالی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

چکیده

سواد سلامت الکترونیکی در برگیرنده علوم میان­ رشته­ ای است که تربیت متخصصان کارآزموده و خبره در این حوزه در مراکز آموزش عالی و به ­منظور حفظ و ارتقای کیفیت زندگی اهمیت بسیاری دارد. هدف از مطالعه حاضر ارائه مدل مفهومی مبتنی بر واکاوی تجارب زیسته متخصصان و صاحبنظران سواد سلامت الکترونیکی در ارتقای سواد سلامت الکترونیکی دانشجویان علوم پزشکی بود که با توجه به رویکرد کیفی و روش پدیدارشناسی طراحی و اجرا شد. مشارکت کنندگان ۱۵ صاحبنظر از اعضای هیئت­ علمی دانشگاه­ های ایران و بین­ المللی بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری مبتنی بر هدف از نوع گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش مصاحبه عمیق و نیمه ساختار یافته بود. داده­ ها با استفاده از روش هفت مرحله­ ای کلایزی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. یافته ­ها نشان داد که تحلیل داده­ های مصاحبه به ایجاد 4 مقوله اصلی شامل فراسواد، عوامل فردی، عوامل فنی- اجتماعی و حرفه ای گری در فضای دیجیتال و الکترونیکی و 21 مقوله فرعی انجامید. نتایج نشان داد که تأکید بر توانمندسازی دانشجویان در قالب مقوله­ های یافت شده، ارتقای سواد سلامت الکترونیکی دانشجویان علوم پزشکی را در پی خواهد داشت. در انتها پیش ­بایسته­ های اجرایی مدل پیشنهاد شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

An analysis of life experiences in promoting e-health literacy of the medical sciences students: a conceptual model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nilufar Nekuzad 1
  • Soleiman Ahmady 2
  • Mohammadali Hosseini 3
  • Kamran Mohamadkhani 4

1 Doctoral graduate, Department of Higher Education Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Higher Education Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Electronic health literacy is as an interdisciplinary science. It is important to train highly qualified and experienced professionals in higher education in order to maintain and improve the quality of life.  The aim of this research was to present a conceptual model based on the living experiences of e-health literacy professionals to promote e-health literacy among medical sciences students. The research was carried out in a qualitative approach and a phenomenological method. Participants were 15 Iranian and international faculty members who were selected through purposeful and snowball sampling. A semi-structured and in-depth interviews were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using Colaizzi's analysis method. The research results showed the four main themes including “meta-literacy, individual factors, socio-technical factors and professionalism in digital electronic space”, and twenty-one sub themes. The results indicated that the emphasis on empowering students in the categories found would lead to the promotion of electronic health literacy among medical students. At the end of the article, implementation prerequisite were recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • E- health literacy
  • Lived experiences
  • Medical students
  • Higher Education
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  • تاریخ دریافت: 15 اسفند 1401
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 خرداد 1402
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 15 اسفند 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 15 اسفند 1401