تحلیل مسیر دینداری و منبع کنترل دانشجویان و نگرش به آینده شغلی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد برنامه ریزی درسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد و مدرس جامعه المصطفی العالمیه (ص)

3 دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطۀ بین دینداری، منبع کنترل دانشجویان و نگرش آنان به آیندۀ­ شغلی‌شان بود. این پژوهش در زمره­ پژوهشهای همبستگی به­شمار می‌رود. جامعۀ­ آماری دانشجویان دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد و نمونه­ پژوهش با توجه به جدول مورگان، تعداد 375 دانشجو بودند که به شیوه­ سهمیه­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامۀ سنجۀ دینداری توسلی، پرسشنامه­ منبع کنترل لونسون و پرسشنامه محقق‌ساختۀ نگرش به ­آینده­ شغلی بود. یافته­ها با استفاده از نرم­افزارهای  SPSSو LISREL  تحلیل شد و نتایج  نشان داد که نگرش دانشجویان به آیندۀ شغلی‌شان با میزان دینداری و منبع کنترل درونی همبستگی مثبت و معنادار دارد. همچنین نگرش دانشجویان به آینده­ شغلی با توجه به دینداری و منبع کنترل پیش­بینی‌پذیر است؛ دانشجویانی که دیندارتر و صاحب منبع کنترل درونی بودند، نگرش مثبت­تری به آینده­ شغلی داشتند و در نقطه مقابل، نگرش مثبت به آیندۀ شغلی کمتر مشاهده شد. پیشنهاد می­شود در برنامه درسیِ فوقِ برنامۀ دانشگاهها در خصوص دینداری و اصلاح منبع کنترل دانشجویان برای موفقیت در زندگی به ویژه بحث اشتغال برنامه­ریزی صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Path analysis of student's religiosity & locus of control on their attitude toward future career: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad case study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariba Gholami Chahkand 1
  • Azam Mohammadzade Ghasr 2
  • Mahmoud Saeedy Rezvani 3

1 Master student in Curriculum Studies, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Doctoral student in Curriculum Studies, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad & professor of Al Mustafa International University

3 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between student's religiosity, locus of control and attitude toward their future career. The research was a descriptive- correlation study. For this purpose, Tavasoli religiosity questionnaire, Levenson locus of control questionnaire, and a researcher made questionnaire to measure attitude towards future career were used. The statistical population was all students at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.  The research sample, according to Morgan table, was 375 students that were selected through quota sampling method. Data were analyzed by the SPSS and LISREL software. Results showed that there is positive and significant relationship between the students' attitude toward future career and religiosity and internal locus of control. Attitude toward future career is predictable through religiosity and locus of control. The students who were more religious and had internal locus of control, had more positive attitude toward their future career. It is recommended that planning considered for extra-curricular programs in universities about religiosity and reforming the locus of control for success in life, particularly employment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • religiosity
  • Locus of control
  • Internal control
  • External control
  • Attitude toward the future career
1. Allavi, H. (2007). The attitudes and religious behavior university of Shahid Bahonar Students. Journal of Educational Science and Psychology, 1, 1-20 (in Persian).
2. Alizadeh, Sh., Namazi, A., & Sigarchian, M. (2014). The midewifery student’s opinion about their professional future. Quarterly Journal of Center for the Study and Development of Medical Education, 5(1), 27-21 (in Persian).
3. Allahhajian, K., & Nasiri (2003). The assessment of medical students' attitude toward career prospects in Babol Medical science University. Journal of Babol Medical Science University, 8(1), 86-95 (in Persian).
4. Arthur, M.B., Khapova, S.N., & Wilderom, C.P. (2005). Career success in boundaryless career world. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 172- 202.
5. Azad, A. (2013). Relationship between irrational beliefs and locus of control (internal - external) with depression in male and female students of Payam Noor University of Dezful. (Dissertaion). Payam Noor University of Dezful (in Persian).
6. Boromandnasab, M., Shokrkon, H., & Najaryan, B. (1995). Consideration the relationship between locus of control and academic performance of students in third grade in junior of Dezful. Journal of Education and Psychology University of Chamran (in Persian).
7. Daniel, J.P., & Stevens, J.P. (1976). The interaction between the internal-external locus of control and two methods of college instruction. American Educational Research Journal, 13(2).
8. Fayaz, A., & Kiani, ZH. (2008). Consideration pathologically student’s irrational beliefs. Journal of Rahborde Farhang, 4, 99-117 (in Persian).
9. Ganzevoort, R.R. (1998). Religious coping reconsidered. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 26(3), 260-275.
10. Ghaemi, A. (1993). Growing religious morality in children. Tehran: Amiri (in Persian).
11. Ghazanfari, A., Onaghe, A., & Raeeiszade, M. (2013). The relationship between religious attitude and mental relaxation, self-esteem, anxiety and depression in among adolescent girls. Women and Family Journal, 7(22), 31-59 (in Persian).
12. Ghorbanipoor, H., Zamani, Gh., & Azizi, T. (2011). Skills required for career success of agriculture graduates from the views of faculty members. Agriculture Management Research, 19, 83-94 (in Persian).
13. Ghoreishirad, F. (2008). The requirement of future optimistic occupation for the humanity students. Journal of University of Esfahan, 1, 44-66 (in Persian).
14. Gifford, D.D. (2007). Locus of control: Academic achievement and retention in a sample of university first-year students. Journal of College Admission. Retrieved from http: findarticles. Com.
15. Golparvar, M., & Ghazavi, A. (2010). The role of social support and organizational policies and practices in career success. Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 5(1), 21-29 (in Persian).
16. Hedareerafat, A., & Enayatinovinfar, A. (2011.( The relationship between religious attitude and happiness among students of Tarbiat Modarres University. Psychology and Religion, 13(4), 61-72 (in Persian).
17. Heslin, P.A. (2005). Conceptualizing and evaluating career success. Journal of Organization Behavior, 26, 113-136.
18. Hemmati, F., Pezeshkeerad, Gh., & Cheezari, M. (2007). The studey of job status and career success of graduate's agricultural training centers in Eastern Azerbaijan. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education, 1, 1-8 (in Persian).
19. Khosravi, A. (2011). The consideration relationship between work and locus of control with maturity prominent. (Doctoral dissertaion). University of Tehran (in Persian).
20. Kuijpers, A.C.T., Schyns, B., & Scheeren, J. (2006). Career competencies for career success. The Career Develooment Quarterly, 55, 178-168.
21. Longest, K.C., & Vaisey, S. (2008). Control or conviction: Religion and adolescent initiation of Marijuana use. Journal of Drug Issues, 38(3), 689- 715.
22. Monfared, N., Rajabbaigi & Yasemi, M. (2010). Factors affecting on the career success of graduates of the Persian Gulf. Journal of Agricultural Education Management, 13, 40-48 (in Persian).
23. Modiri, F., & Azadarmaki, T. (2013). Gender and Religiosity. Journal of Applied Sociology, 24 (3), 1-14 (in Persian).
24. Nayebpoor, M., Zoghee, & Salehi, S. (2012). The effect of post-graduate training on students to career success. Journal of Social Regulation, 4(3), 127-144 (in Persian).
25. Rafe, F., Kazemi, Sh., & Heydari, T. (2012). Effectiveness small and quick-impact employment agency on employment and production. Presented at the National Conference on Economic Development Strategies, University of Sanandaj (in Persian).
26. Razi, D. (2002). Assessment students' attitude to their toward the future of career regard to social and economic factors affecting in University of Mazandaran. Journal of Studies and Researches, 30, 295-326 (in Persian).
27. Saif, A. (2006). Educational psychology (Psychology of Learning and Teaching). Tehran: Agah (in Persian).
28. Saketi, P. (2001). A survey of relationship between occupational dimensions of non-gevernemenetal jobs at small firms with personal characteristics and academic majors of employed university graduates in Iran southern provinces. The institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education, Ministary of Science, Research & Technology (in Persian).
29. Salimi, H., Karaminia, Amiri, M., & Mirzamani, M. (2006). Relationship between personality traits and occupational success in senior managers of government agency. Quarterly Journal of Research in Behavioral Sciences, 1, 5-12 (in Persian).
30. Seibert, S.E., Carnt, J.M., & Kraimer, M.L. (1999). Research reports proactive personality and career success. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84 (3), 416-427.
31. Solymannezhad, A., & Shahraray, M. (2001). The relation locus of control and self-regulation with academic achievement. Journal of Psychology & Education, 31(2).
32. Sori, F., & Zarvandi, M. (2006). The study of the relationship between career success of women employed by occupation, their motivation and personality. Quarterly Journal of Cultural Studies Defend Women, 2(2-3), 43-79 (in Persian).

33. Tabatabaaei, S., Hajian, M., & Zandi, T. (2013). Graduated women attitudes to the effective factors on their employment and unemployment in the labor market. Quarterly Journal of Career and Organizational, 5 (15), 89-101 (in Persian).
34. Tavan, B., Jahani, F., Seraji, M., & Mohammad Beigi, A. (2011).The relationship between religious attitude and mental health among students of Arak University of Medical Sciences. Arak Medical University Journal, 13(4), 27-34 (in Persian).
35. Vaghefinazari, R., Farahani, A., Asad, M., & Khodadi, M. (2005). Job expectations, job and future career in physical education students from Azad University of Tehran, Sport Management, 7(2), 175-189 (in Persian).
36. Yarvisee, R. (1994). Review and compare the attitude toward teacher training centers in different academic fields of study and future of their career in Kermanshah and Sanandaj. (Doctoral dissertaion). Allameh Tabatabaei University (in Persian).
  • تاریخ دریافت: 15 اسفند 1401
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 خرداد 1402
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 15 اسفند 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 15 اسفند 1401