نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه کردستان

2 کارشناس ارشد، مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه کردستان

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش آگاهی از برداشت و تجارب اعضای هیئت ‌علمی و دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی از مفهوم دانش­آموخته دانشگاهی بود که با رویکردی تفسیری و کیفی و با راهبرد پدیدارنگاری انجام شد. میدان تحقیق دانشگاه کردستان بود. مشارکت ‌کنندگان 42 نفر (25 نفر از اعضای هیئت ‌علمی تمام ‌وقت و 17 نفر از دانشجویان دوره تحصیلات تکمیلی) بودند. نمونه­گیری با روش هدفمند و با حداکثر تنوع انجام شد. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از یک منشور مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته استفاده شد که تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری ادامه یافت. داده­ها با استفاده از کدگذاری نظری تحلیل شدند که شش مقوله توصیف درخصوص مفهوم دانش‌آموخته با عناوین محصول دانشگاه، سفیر دانشگاه، یادگیرنده مادام‌العمر، کاریاب پراسترس، کنشگر اجتماعی و ‌کاربر دانش در شغل به­دست آمد. دانشجویان بیشتر از اعضای هیئت ‌علمی به مقولات محصول دانشگاه، کاریاب پراسترس و کنشگر اجتماعی تأکید داشتند. اعضای هیئت ‌علمی بیشتر بر مقولات یادگیرنده مادام‌العمر، کاربر دانش در شغل و سفیر دانشگاه تأکید داشتند. بیشترین احساس ناخوشایند از دانش‌آموختگی به دانشجویان و بیشترین حس خوشایند از دانش‌آموختگی به اعضای هیئت ‌علمی مربوط می­شد. مفهوم دانش‌آموخته از دیدگاه زنان در مقایسه با مردان به­دلیل مسائلی مانند ازدواج و نگهداری از فرزندان متفاوت بود. در زمینه برداشتهای متفاوت از مفهوم دانش‌آموخته به نظر می‌رسد که تنوع نظریه­ها و برداشتهای سیاسی و اجتماعی تصوراتی را به­وجود می‌آورد که موجب می­شود تعریفها، اندازه­گیریها و یافته­ها یکدست و یکپارچه نباشند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The concept of alumnus anatomy: a qualitative analysis of faculty members’ and graduate students' perceptions and experiences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Naser Shirbagi 1
  • Nematollah Azizi 1
  • Shabnam Bahrami 2

1 Department of Education, Kurdistan University

2 Master student in Educational Administration, Kurdistan University

چکیده [English]

members and graduate students about the concept of university graduates. A qualitative and interpretive approach was applied with a phenomenographic strategy. The research field was University of Kurdistan. Participants included 42 individuals (25 full-time faculty members and 17 graduate students). Purposeful sampling with maximum diversity was conducted. A semi-structured interview charter was used to collect data, which continued until theoretical saturation. The data were analyzed based on theoretical coding. At the end, six descriptive categories about the concept of a graduate were obtained as follows: university product, university ambassador, lifelong learner, stressful jobseeker, social activist, and knowledge user in the job. Students emphasized the categories of university product, stressful jobseeker and social activist more than the faculty members. Lifelong learner, knowledge user in the job, and university ambassador categories were mostly emphasized by faculty members. The most unpleasant feeling about graduation was related to students, as well as the most pleasant feeling of graduation was related to faculty members; The concept of graduate was perceived differently by women, in comparison to men, due to some issues such as marriage and child care. In regard to different perceptions of the concept of graduate, it appears that the variety of theories, and political and social perceptions give rise to ideas that make the definitions, measurements and findings unmatched and incongruous. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • faculty members
  • students
  • graduates
  • phenomenography
  • employment
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