نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 استاد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

بحث ارتباط دانشگاه و صنعت در بخش کشاورزی یکی از مهم‌ترین موضوعاتی است که پرداختن به آن تضمین‌کننده توسعه پایدار و دانش‌بنیان کشاورزی کشورهای مختلف است. بررسی پیشینه موضوع درباره سازکارهای تعامل دانشگاه و صنعت در بخش کشاورزی نشان­ می­دهد که این سازکارها بسیار متنوع‌ هستند و ضمن ایفای نقش مکمل برای یکدیگر، از به­هم وابستگی ویژه‌ای برخوردارند؛ از این رو، شناخت زمینه‌ها و سازکارهای تعامل مؤسسات آموزش­عالی کشاورزی و صنعت و بهبود ارتباط بین آنها اهمیت زیادی دارد. این پژوهش در پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران انجام شد. ابتدا سازکارهای مختلف تعامل دانشگاه و صنعت در بخش کشاورزی در قالب پنج سیاست کلی جمع‌بندی و سپس، با توجه به معیارهای مختلف رتبه‌بندی شدند. نتایج نشان داد که بر اساس معیار ترکیبی پژوهش، سیاست بازنگری و تحول در محتوا و سازکارهای آموزشی متناسب با نیازهای صنعت و سیاست انعقاد قراردادهای مشترک بین دانشگاه و صنعت بیشترین میزان اهمیت را نسبت به سایر سیاستها به‌­دست آوردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining effective mechanisms in university- industry collaboration in agricultural sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mirshekari 1
  • Sayyed Yousof Hejazi 2
  • Sayyed Hamid Movahhed Mohammadi 2
  • Sayyed Mahmood Hoseini 2

1 Doctoral Student in Agricultural Education, Tehran University

2 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Tehran University

چکیده [English]

University-industry collaboration (UIC) in agriculture sector is one the most important issues which will guarantee the sustainable knowledge- based development of agriculture in different countries. The examination of UIC background in agriculture reveals that these mechanisms are diverse and have complementary and interdependency relationships to each other. Thus, identifying contexts and mechanisms in these institutions for collaboration with industry and improving their relationships is important. This study was conducted in college of agriculture and natural resources of University of Tehran. At first, different mechanisms of UIC in agriculture sector were categorized in five broad policies. Second, policies were ranked according to various criteria. The results, according to combined criteria of research, revealed that policies such as revising and transforming contents and educational mechanisms appropriate to the industry's needs and joint contracts between university and industry were the most preferred policies among others, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • University- industry collaboration
  • mechanisms
  • analytic hierarchy process
  • agricultural section
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