نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور اهر

2 کارشناس ارشد رشته جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور تهران - پرند

چکیده

امروزه، دانشگاه مکانی برای تولید علم، دانش و مهارت‌­آموزی دانشجویانی است که در فرایند توسعه اجتماعی و اقتصادی نقش مهمی ایفا می‌کنند. لیکن برای تحقق چنین نقشی آگاهی از فرهنگ دانشگاهی و کاربست آن لازم می‌نماید؛ در این پژوهش بر اساس نظریه سرمایه فرهنگی و اجتماعی بوردیو و دیگران، چگونگی تأثیرپذیری این آگاهی بررسی شده ‌است. روش تحقیق توصیفی ـ پیمایشی بود و از بین 1600 نفر دانشجوی دانشگاه پیام­نور اهر نمونه‌ای به تعداد 310 نفر بر اساس جدول مورگان و به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری پرسشنامه‌ محقق ساخته بود. آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شده برای متغیرها بیانگر پایایی رضایتبخش و هماهنگی از سؤالات پرسشنامه بود. برای آزمون فرضیات از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد بین شاخصهای سرمایه‌ اجتماعی نظیر شبکه روابط اجتماعی، اعتماد اجتماعی، اعتماد نهادی و همیاری و میزان آگاهی دانشجویان از فرهنگ دانشگاهی رابطه‌ مثبت و معنادار وجود دارد. همچنین بین شاخصهای سرمایه‌ فرهنگی نظیر تمایلات و گرایشهای روانی فرد، مصرف کالاها و فرآورده‌های فرهنگی، مدارک و مدارج تحصیلی با میزان آگاهی دانشجویان از فرهنگ دانشگاهی نیز رابطه‌ مثبت و معنادار وجود دارد. نتایج به­دست آمده از تجزیه و تحلیل رگرسیونی نیز حاکی از آن است که متغیرهای شبکه روابط اجتماعی، اعتماد اجتماعی، همیاری و مصرف کالاها و فرآورده‌های فرهنگی 2/34 درصد از واریانس میزان آگاهی از فرهنگ دانشگاهی را تبیین می­کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between students' awareness of academic culture and social and cultural capital

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeid Tamana 1
  • Somaiyeh Samadi 2

1 Department of Sociology, Payame Noor University, Ahar

2 M.A. in Sociology , Payame Noor University-Parand

چکیده [English]

A university is a place for the production of science, knowledge, and skill training of students who play an important role in the process of social and economic development‏‎. However, to fulfill this role, the awareness of academic culture and its application is indispensable. In this study, ‎based on Bourdieu's theory of cultural and social capital, the influential manner of this awareness was examined. The research method was a descriptive-survey. Statistical research population was all students at Payam-e-noor University-Ahar Branch (N= 1600). The statistical sample was randomly selected (n= 310) by using Morgan table and multistage cluster sampling method. Survey instrument was a researcher-made ‎questionnaire. Calculated Cronbach's alpha for variables indicated a satisfactory reliability and coordination of questions. All hypotheses were tested by Pearson ‎correlation. Results indicated that there was a positive and significant correlation between awareness of ‎academic culture and components of social capital such as social network, social trust, organizational ‎trust, and cooperation. Furthermore, there was a positive and significant correlation between cultural capital (e.g. psychic tendency, consumption of cultural goods, and ‎academic degrees and students' awareness of ‎academic culture. The results of the regression analysis, also suggests that variables such as social network, ‎social trust, cooperation, and consumption of cultural goods have explained 34.2% of variance for ‎awareness of academic culture.‎

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Capital
  • Cultural Capital
  • Awareness
  • students
  • Academic Culture
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