نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

چکیده

جهانی شدن پدیده ای است که از اواخر قرن بیستم میلادی به صورت جدی در ابعاد گوناگون گسترش یافته است، این پدیده درقلمرو علوم و دانش نیز با سرعتی شگرف روبه تکامل می رود. در این مقاله سعی می شود با تبیین مفهوم همکاریهای علمی بین المللی و بررسی تأثیر آن بر توسعه علمی، موانع اصلی تحقق آن در ایران مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و سپس راهکارهایی برای رفع این موانع و ارتقای سطح همکارهای علمی بین المللی ارائه گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of International Scientific Collaboration in Iran's Scientific Development

نویسنده [English]

  • Reza Malekzadeh

Faculty Member of Tehran University of Medical Science

چکیده [English]

Recently, co-authorship in publication of a research or scientific paper has been considered the most important indicator of international scientific collaboratjon. Those who do not collaborate have a very tiny chance of getting published or be part of the scientific giant component. In Iran, the rate of international collaboration is lower than 8 percent, while many other developing countries put much value into international collabmation and have gained many scientific achievements in the last few decades. There are a few obstacles which hamper scientific collaboration of Iran with overseas scientists: 
i)    Many oflranian policy makers are not aware of the importance of collaboration and believe that scientific self-reliance is possible in short term.
ii)    US sanctions against Iran and our policy of no relation with USA has limited our access to modern science and many collaboration oppo1iunities.
iii)    Visa issuance is very difficult for Iranian scientists who would like to collaborate with their European and American counterparts. The quality of Internet access is very poor in Iran and there are few digital libraries that Iranian academic institutes could afford the subscription fees.
We postulate several comments for a better international scientific collaboration: 1) Only in USA, there are more than 5000 Iranian faculty members and university professors who could be the first line of collaborators with Iranian scientists . Contacting them and asking them for collaboration has resulted in an enthusiastic "yes" shortly after. 2) Some research centers and institutes have initiated scientific collaboration with their US counterparts and created an atmosphere of scientific exchange which resulted in significant development of those centers. 3) There are many scholarships, fellowships and grants for Iranian scientists and researchers which are funded by charity foundations and international scientific societies. Targeting and using­those opportunities is highly recommended. 4) Iranian ministry of foreign affairs could facilitate visa issuance of Iranian scientists \ .tho ,vould like to participate in seminars and conferences worldwide. 
5) There is practically no governmental funds allocated for scientific collaboration. The cost of creating collaboration is much less than purchasing expensive equipments for the laboratories. 6)In this little world village, collaboration could start from a short meeting in a conference and been followed up by e-mailing and Internet. Therefore, there is no need for follow-up visits which could be costly an impossible for soft currency nations. 7)Iranian consulates must target Iranian scientists and sources for collaboration in Europe and introduce them to relevant scientific bodies in Iran to initiate further scientific collaborations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Scientific Development
  • Scientific Collaboration
  • Scientific Paper
  • International Relations