نقش و جایگاه دانشگاه‌ها‌ در اکوسیستم استانی توسعه دانش بنیان: چارچوب نظری و کاربردهای آن برای استان آذربایجان غربی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار مؤسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی آموزش عالی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه صنعتی ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

10.61838/kman.irphe.30.1.3

چکیده

توسعه ملی پیامد توسعه محلی و استانی است. در عصر حاضر که به عصر دانایی مشهور است، توسعه محلی و استانی صرفاً در چارچوب اکوسیستم استانی توسعه دانش بنیان اتفاق می‌افتد. در بسیاری از کشورهای توسعه یافته، دانشگاه‌ها مهمترین کنشگران و ذی نفعان این اکوسیستم هستند. اما نقش و جایگاه دانشگاه‌های ایران در این نوع اکوسیستم‌ها چندان روشن نیست و به نظر می‌رسد نقش و جایگاه مطلوبی نداشته باشند. بنابراین، هدف مقاله حاضر راستی آزمایی این فرضیه ‌است. برای این منظور از تکنیک «تحلیل تعاملات ذی نفعان» و داده‌های مطالعه استان آذربایجان غربی استفاده شده‌است. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که دانشگاه‌های استان آذربایجان غربی نقش و جایگاه شایسته‌ای در اکوسیستم توسعه دانش بنیان این استان ندارد. درواقع، چنین اکوسیستمی در این استان به صورت خیلی ضعیف شکل گرفته‌ است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The role and position of universities in the provincial ecosystem of knowledge-based development: Theoretical framework and its application for West Azarbaijan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yaghoub Entezari 1
  • Rahim Dabbagh 2

1 Associate Professor, Department of Higher Education Economics and Human Resource Studies, Institute for Higher Education Research and Planning, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran

چکیده [English]

National development is the result of local and provincial development. In today's era, which is known as the age of knowledge, local and provincial development takes place only within the framework of the provincial ecosystem of knowledge-based development. In many developed countries, universities are the most important actors and beneficiaries of this ecosystem. But the role and position of Iranian universities in this type of ecosystem is not very clear and it seems that they do not have a favorable role and position. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to verify this hypothesis. For this purpose, the technique of "stakeholder interaction analysis" and the study data of West Azarbaijan province have been used. The findings of the research show that the universities of West Azarbaijan province do not have a proper role and position in the knowledge-based development ecosystem of this province. In fact, such an ecosystem is very poorly formed in this province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge-based Development Ecosystem
  • Regional ecosystem of Knowledge-based Development
  • Knowledge Ecosystem
  • Innovation Ecosystem
  • Entrepreneurship Ecosystem
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