تأثیر جهتگیری و برنامه‌ریزی مسیر شغلی متنوع بر اشتغال‌پذیری دانش‌آموختگان آموزش عالی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مدیریت دانشگاه لرستان

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه لرستان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر که به­منظور تحلیل تأثیر جهتگیری و برنامه‌ریزی مسیر شغلی بر اشتغال‌پذیری دانشجویان دکتری دانشگاه لرستان انجام شد، از نظر هدف کاربردی و بر اساس نوع گردآوری داده­ها توصیفی- پیمایشی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش کلیه دانشجویان مقطع دکتری دانشگاه لرستان با تعداد 400 نفر بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه­بندی شده 200 پرسشنامه در میان آنها توزیع شد. الگوریتم تحلیل داده‌ها به روش حداقل مربعات جزئی که شامل بررسی مدل‌های اندازه‌گیری و برازش مدل ساختاری بود، برای سنجش روابط بین متغیرهای پژوهش استفاده شد که برازش مناسب هر دو بخش الگوریتم داده‌ها نشان‌دهنده مطلوبیت و قابل قبول بودن پرسشنامه‌ها و ساختار مکنون در سطح  شاخص­ها و سؤالات پژوهش بود. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از تأثیر مثبت جهتگیری مسیر شغلی متنوع بر برنامه‌ریزی مسیر شغلی و همچنین تأثیر مثبت برنامه‌ریزی مسیر شغلی بر سرمایه‌های مسیر شغلی (انسانی، اجتماعی و روانشناختی) بود. علی­رغم تأیید تأثیر مثبت سرمایه اجتماعی و روانشناختی بر اشتغال‌پذیری افراد، تأثیر سرمایه انسانی بر اشتغال‌پذیری تأیید نشد و در نهایت، سرمایه اجتماعی مهم‌ترین سرمایه مسیر ‌شغلی برای ارتقای اشتغال‌پذیری شناخته شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of orientation and planning of varied career orientation on employability of graduates in higher Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Sepahvand 1
  • Zahra Solgi 2
  • Fatemeh Akbaripasham 2

1 Associate professor, Faculty of Management, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran.

2 Doctoral student, Faculty of Management, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of varied career orientation on employability of doctoral students at Lorestan University. Based on the type of data collection, this research was a descriptive-survey. The statistical population of the study consisted of all 400 doctoral students at Lorestan University. Using a stratified sampling method, 200 questionnaires were distributed among them. The data analysis algorithm was used by partial least squares method, which included the evaluation of structural model fitness and measurement models to measure the relationships between the research variables. The appropriate fitness for both parts of the data algorithm indicated the desirability of questionnaires and structure at the level of indicators and questions used. The results of the research showed that the varied career orientation had a positive impact on planning career, as well as the positive effect of planning career orientation on the career capitals (human, social, and psychological). Despite the confirmation of the positive impact of social and psychological capital on the employability of individuals, the impact of human capital on employability was not endorsed, and finally social capital was recognized as the most important career capital for promoting employability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Varied career orientation
  • human capital
  • Social Capital
  • Psychological capital
  • Employability
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