1. Ahmadi, M., Amini, A., & Nikmaram, S. (2015). The effects of ethical leadership on employees’ voices. Human Resource Management Researches, 7(4), 167-190 (in Persian).
2. Armandei, M., Vaziri, M., & Adli, F. (2016). An investigation of the factors influencing organizational silence from the perspective of employees. Quarterly Journal of New Thoughts on Education, 12 (2), 115-144(in Persian).
3. Ashton, M. (1998). Personality and job perform the importance of narrow traits. Journal of organizational behavior, 9 (2), 289-303.
4. Azadmehr, A., & Nastizayei, N. (2017). The association between personal characteristics and educational experiences with academic achievement among the students Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Medical Education Development, 9 (24), 4-12 (in Persian).
5. Bogosian, R. (2012). Engaging organizational voice: A phenomenological study of employees' lived experiences of silence in work group settings. (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Information & Learning.
6. Brinsfield, C. T. (2009). Employee silence: Investigation of dimensionality, development of measures, and examination of related factors. (Doctoral thesis). The Ohio State University.
7. Brinsfield, C. T. (2013). Employee silence motives: Investigation of dimensionality and development of measures. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34 (5), 671-697.
8. Brown, M.E. (2007). Misconceptions of ethical leadership: How to avoid potential pitfalls. Organizational Dynamics, 36 (2), 140–155.
9. Brown, M.E., & Trevion, L.K. (2006). Role modeling and ethical leadership. Paper presented at the 2006 Academy of Management Annual Meeting Atlanta, GA.
10. Cheng, J. W., Chang, S. C., Kuo, J. H., & Cheung, Y. H. (2014). Ethical leadership, work engagement, and voice behavior. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 114 (5), 817-831.
11. De Hoogh, A. H., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2008). Ethical and despotic leadership, relationships with leader's social responsibility, top management team effectiveness and subordinates' optimism: A multi-method study. The Leadership Quarterly, 19 (3), 297-311.
12. Deniz, N., Noyan, A., & Ertosun, O. G. (2013). The relationship between employee silence and organizational commitment in a private healthcare company. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 99, 691-700.
13. Dettert, J.R., Trevion, L.K., Burris, E., & Andiappan, M. (2007). Managerial modes of influence and counter productivity in organizations: A longitudinal business unit - level investigation. Working Paper.
14. Dimitris, B., & Vakola, M. (2007). Organizational silence: A new challenge for human resource management. (M.Sc. dissertation). University of Economics and Business. 1- 19.
15. Duan, J., & Zhong, J. (2010), Leadership justice and negative organizational behaviors: Mediated by affective commitment. International Conference on Management and Service Sience (MASS).
16. Dustar, M.E., & Smailzadeh, M. (2013). Organizational justice and its effects on employee’s voice and performance. Studies Improvement and Evolution Management, 22 (72), 163-143 (in Persian).
17. Dustar, M., Esmailzadeh, M., & Hosseini, H. (2014). The relationship between organizational silence, organizational justice and emotional commitment in the organization. Journal of Management Tomorrow, 7 (40), 36-19 (in Persian).
18. Dyne, L. V., Ang, S., & Botero, I. C. (2003). Conceptualizing employee silence and employee voice as multidimensional constructs. Journal of Management Studies, 40 (6), 1359-1392.
19. Folger, R., & Konovsky, M. A. (1989). Effects of procedural and distributive justice on reactions to pay raise decisions. Academy of Management Journal, 32 (1), 115-130.
20. Ghalavandi, H. Z., & Moradi (2015). Analysis of the relationship between ethical climate of the organization, organizational identity and organizational silence. Ethics in Science & Technology, 10 (2), 63-71 (in Persian).
21. Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Babin, B. J., & Black, W. C. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective. Vol. 7, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
22. Hooman, H. (2009). Modeling structural equation using lisrel software. Tehran: Samt Publication.
23. Kalshoven, K., Den Hartog, D. N., & De Hoogh, A. H. (2011). Ethical leadership at work questionnaire (ELW): Development and validation of a multidimensional measure. The Leadership Quarterly, 22(1), 51-69.
24. Kline, R. B. (2010). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
25. Knoll, M., & van Dick, R. (2012). Do I hear the whistle…? A first attempt to measure four forms of employee silence and their correlates. Journal of Business Ethics, 113 (2), 349-362.
26. Luthans, F. (2011). Organizational behavior: An evidence approach. McGraw-Hill, 12th Edition, 44, 1999-244.
27. Mahmoodikia, M., Arshadi, N., Ahmadi Chegeni, S., & Baharloo, M. (2015). Relationship of ethical leadership with psychological empowerment with mediating of procedural justice and interactional justice. Organizational Culture Management, 13 (1), 278-267 (in Persian).
28. Mehrabi, F. (2013). The relationship between leadership styles and organizational silence and its impact on motivation and job satisfaction employees Export Guarantee Fund of Iran. (M.S dissertation). Allameh Tabatabaei University (in Persian).
29. Mete, Y. A. (2013). Relationship between organizational cynicism and ethical leadership behavior: A study at higher education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 89, 476-483.
30. Morrison, E. W., & Milliken, F. J. (2000). Organizational silence: A barrier to change and development in a pluralistic world. Academy of Management Review, 25(4), 706-725.
31. Morrison, E. W. (2011). Employee voice behavior: Integration and directions for future research. The Academy of Management Annals, 5(1), 373412.
32. Mosadegh Rad, A. (2005). A survey of the relationship between employee job satisfaction and management style of the hospital managers at Isfahan Medical University Hospitals in 2003. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4 (12), 172-143 (in Persian).
33. Niehoff, B. P., & Moorman, R. H. (1993). Justice as a mediator of the relationship between methods of monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management journal, 36 (3), 527-556.
34. Perlow, L. A. (2003). When you say yes but mean no. New York: Crown Publishing Group.
35. Pinder, C. C., & Harlos, K. P. (2001). Employee silence: Quiescence and acquiescence as responses to perceived injustice. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 20, 331-370.
36. Resick, CH.J., Hanges, P.J., & Dickson, M.W. (2006). A cross-cultural examination of the endorsement of ethical leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 63, 345-359.
37. Rezaeian, A. (2005). Foundations of management and organizational behavior. Tehran: Publications Samt (in Persian).
38. Scandura, T.A. (1999). Rethinking leader-member exchange: An organizational justice perspective, Leadership Quarterly,10, 25-40.
39. Shin, Y., Sung, S. Y., Choi, J. N., & Kim, M. S. (2014). Top management ethical leadership and firm performance: Mediating role of ethical and procedural justice climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 129 (1), 43-57.
40. Sidanluo, M. (2012). The role of organizational citizenship behavior on silence employees in the public sector. (M.S dissertation). Allameh Tabatabaei University (in Persian).
41. Tan, Ç. (2014). Organizational justice as a predictor of organizational silence. Educational Research and Reviews, 9 (21), 1190-1202.
42. Tulubas, T., & Celep, C. (2012). Effect of perceived procedural justice on faculty members’ silence: The mediating role of trust in supervisor. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 47, 1221-1231.
43. Walumbwa, F. O., Morrison, E. W., & Christensen, A. L. (2012). Ethical leadership and group in-role performance: The mediating roles of group conscientiousness and group voice. The Leadership Quarterly, 23(5), 953-964.
44. Whiteside, D. B., & Barclay, L. J. (2013). Echoes of silence: Employee silence as a mediator between overall justice and employee outcomes. Journal of Business Ethics, 116(2), 251-266.
45. Yazdandost, Z. (2012). A study of the relationship between managers ‘ethical leadership style and employees’ organizational commitment in technical campus university of Tehran. (M.S dissertation). University of Tehran (in Persian).
46. Yılmaz, E. (2010). The analysis of organizational creativity in schools regarding principals’ ethical leadership characteristics. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2 (2), 3949-3953.
47. Zareei Matin, H., Taheri, F., & Sayyar, A. (2012). Organizational silence: Concepts, antecedents, and consequences. Iranian Journal of Management Sciences, 6 (21), 77-104 (in Persian).
48. Zehir, C., & Erdogan, E. (2011). The association between organizational silence and ethical leadership through employee performance. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, 1389-1404.