نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 کارشناس ارشد جامعه شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

در حال حاضر، تحولات جدید در نظام آموزش­عالی کارکرد و معنای ارزشها و نیز اجتماعات رشته­ای دانشگاهی را تغییر داده است. در نتیجه چنین تغییراتی از یک طرف منابع سنتی و درونی هویت­یابی توان خود را برای شناساندن دانشجویان به خودشان از دست داده و از طرف دیگر، منابع بیرونی جدیدی سر بر آورده­اند که به سبب ماهیت کثرت گرایانه و انعطاف­پذیر خود منابع سنتی را به چالش کشیده­اند. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر گونه­شناسی هویت دانشگاهی بر مبنای نقش منابع هویت­یابی درونی و بیرونی (اینترنت) بود. پژوهش حاضر به­صورت پیمایشی بر روی نمونه­ای از 346 دانشجوی تحصیلات تکمیلی دانشگاه اصفهان صورت گرفت که به کمک سنخ­شناسی بیگلان و به­صورت طبقه­ای نامتناسب از میان رشته­های مختلف انتخاب شدند. نتایج پژوهش حاکی از توسعه ناموزون گونه­های هویت دانشگاهی بود، به­صورتی که هویت مشروعیت­بخش نسبت به هویت مقاومت و برنامه­دار توسعه بیشتری در میان دانشجویان داشت و نسبت به دو گونه دیگر بیشتر از منابع درونی متأثر بود. هویت مقاومت بیشتر تحت تأثیر منابع بیرونی بود. وضعیت هویت برنامه­دار حد میانه هویت مشروعیت­بخش و مقاومت بود، به­صورتی که در یک ارتباط مثبت با هر دو نوع منابع هویتی قرار داشت. بنابراین، با توجه به ویژگیهای عملگرایانه و نقادانه هویتهای برنامه­دار و وضعیت متعادل­تر آنها نسبت به منابع درونی و بیرونی، توانمندسازی دانشجویان و ایجاد  زمینه­های مناسب برای توسعه هویت برنامه­دار ضرورت دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of internal and external resources of university in shaping students academic identity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Hemmati 1
  • Shahnaz Aslani 2

1 Assistant Professor Department of Sociology, Isfahan University

2 Graduated Student of Sociology, Isfahan University

چکیده [English]

New evolutions in higher education system have changed function and meaning of values as well as academic disciplinary communities. As a result of such changes, on one hand, a traditional and internal sources of identification has lost its power to introduce students to themselves, and on the other hand, new external resources have emerged and due to its pluralistic and flexible nature, has challenged traditional resources The main purpose of the current research was to examine typology of academic identity based on the role of internal and external (Internet) resources. The current research was a survey study based on a sample of 346 students at the University of Isfahan, who were selected among different discipline through Biglan typology and non-proportional stratified sampling method. The results of study indicated an uneven development of academic identity types so that legitimation identity had more development among students compared to resistance and project identity and had been more affected by internal resources compared to two other mentioned types. Resistance identity was more influenced by external resources. The project identity was intermediate in legitimation and resistance identities so that it had a positive association with both types of identity sources. Therefore, due to the practical and critical features of project identities and a more balanced position in relation to internal and external resources, empowering students and creating appropriate contexts for development of project identity is indispensable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Identity
  • Internal sources
  • External resources
  • Legitimation identity
  • Resistance Identity
  • Project identity
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